Birth control and fertility
In today’s day and age, women can choose when they are ready to start a family. This came about with the introduction of various contraceptive methods such as the pill and IUD devices. These methods prevent women from falling pregnant when they are not ready. However, what happens when they are?
It’s natural to wonder what effect all those years of birth control have had on your body, and how long it will take you to become fertile again.
We’re going to have a look at two of the most common contraceptive methods: the pill and IUD
The pill is a hormonal contraceptive which prevents your body from releasing an egg each month (ovulating)
This is how the pill prevents patients from falling pregnant. Studies have shown that the pill does not have a negative impact on fertility and can, in fact, be great for a woman’s overall health. It can be said to preserve a woman’s fertility. It also helps by preventing and reducing the chances of developing ovarian and uterine cancer. Moreover, the pill may suppress endometriosis, which eventually could lead to a fertility problem. A woman’s fertility cycle should return as soon as they cease taking the pill. Some women have reported falling pregnant very shortly after they discontinued taking the pill whereas other women have reported conception taking place a few months later.
One issue that the pill may cause is the ability to ‘mask’ certain fertility issues. This is due to the hormonal nature of the pill causing you to experience what many women describe as a ‘fake period’. However, in saying this, the pill itself does not cause any fertility issues.
IUD stands for Intrauterine Device. An IUD is a tiny device that’s put into your uterus to prevent pregnancy. It’s long-term, reversible, and one of the most effective birth control methods available. Both copper IUDs and hormonal IUDs prevent pregnancy by changing the way sperm cells move so they cannot reach an egg. If sperm can’t make it to an egg, pregnancy cannot take place.
Similar to the pill, studies have concluded that once you have discontinued use of this particular method, your fertility should not be impacted. In fact, studies have found that once these contraceptive devices are removed, women have relatively high pregnancy rates and normal pregnancy results.
There is, however, a stigma associated with IUDs and fertility. This is due to the device available in the 1970s which had a design flaw that carried bacteria into the uterus. The results included pelvic inflammatory disease, miscarriage, and ectopic pregnancy. In today’s times, patients can have peace of mind, as this device is no longer available on the market.
If your goal is to start a family and you are currently using birth control, you don’t need to worry! Once you are ready to come off your contraception, your fertility will not have been impacted.