Infertility and Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
There are many causes of infertility and reduced fertility. One of the causes is Polycystic Ovary Syndrome which affects 10% of women.
PCOS is related to a hormone imbalance, resulting in:
- An irregular menstrual cycle.
- Multiple Cystic Ovaries
- Difficulty becoming pregnant
- Pregnancy problems – gestational diabetes, pregnancy related high blood pressure or premature labour.
- High blood levels of insulin – increased weight
- Acne and increased hair growth
- Blood tests to determine a hormone imbalance
- Ultrasound to look for ovary cysts
- Reduce weight if overweight
- Treat excess insulin diet/exercise and medication
- To reduce insulin
- To help ovulation e.g. Clomid
- or possible IVF
- Laparoscopy – diathermy or burning of cysts
Polycystic ovary syndrome is a condition in reproductive age of women that cannot be cured, but can be managed effectively in most patients. With early diagnosis and good management of the disorder, a patient’s long term risks can be often prevented or significantly delayed.